98% of the earth’s water is salt water found in seas and oceans. The other 2% is fresh water used by homes, farms, and industry. But 40% of people cannot access it, and some people have to travel miles to find fresh water.
So, could we use salt water to supply the places that most need it? Now desalination technology makes that possible, and the most advanced and efficient system is Reverse Osmosis.
Seawater Reverse Osmosis is a physical phenomenon by which a semi-permeable membrane separates two liquids in different concentrations. They come in contact and tend to even themselves out. The liquid with the lower concentration crosses the membrane towards the highest concentration.
This process is inverted in reverse osmosis, and we take in seawater, a highly concentrated solution, and force it through the membrane by adding pressure. On the other side, we obtain saltwater, while back on the first side, the remaining water still holds the salt, preventing the membrane from passing through.
Reverse Osmosis Process
In reverse osmosis desalination, water is taken from the sea and receives the first treatment to eliminate impurities, oil, seaweed, rubbish, etc. Once free of organic substances, the saltwater can be subjected to reverse osmosis.
After the filtering, we have two streams: one brine and the other freshwater. The brine solution is diluted before being returned to the sea. It also avoids high concentrations of salt, which could harm the ecosystem. The freshwater passes through a remineralization and chlorination process, after which it is stored in tanks and then sent to the distribution network for consumption.
It is not only the most advanced desalination system in the world but is the most efficient and beneficial for the planet. It generates up to four and a half times fewer greenhouse gas emissions than the other technologies. In this way, it won’t harm the marine environment and can recover a large part of the energy used in the process.
Here are the main benefits of desalination that show why it is a viable alternative to existing freshwater resources
1: Provides people with potable water like clean and fresh drinking water.
2: Provides water to the agricultural industry.
3: Water quality is safe and not dangerous to any living thing.
4: User tried and tested technology. The method is proven and effective.
5: Helps in preserving current freshwater supplies.
6: Unlimited ocean water as a source.
7: Independent of changing factors.
8: Plants are safely located.
9: Help you with habitat protection.
1: Complete Purification
RO technology can take out 99% of the total dissolved solids from the water and deliver pure, safe, and high-quality drinking water. Also, it is medically proven to take out all the inherent germs, solids, and micro-organisms from the water than any other system can hardly do.
2: Reasonable Price
In contrast to other water purification systems, RO systems are less costly and more pocket-friendly. Rather than buying bottled water, it can produce gallons of water a fewer expenses.
3: Finest Water Quality
When it comes to drinking water, everyone needs fine quality and purified water, which reverse osmosis desalination is capable of producing. What can be so good to drink than clean, refined, and safe water? Though it takes much little time than other water filtration systems, this process generates 99% pure and drinkable water.
4: Compact Designs
RO systems are more compact and require less space than other desalting systems presented in the current market. The modular design makes it less subjective to maintenance.
The reputation of Reverse Osmosis desalination systems or Reverse Osmosis has witnessed significant growth since it was first launched as a residential water distillation system.
The coordination of reverse osmosis desalination involves forcing water to cause a semi-permeable covering, which cleans out a select number of water pollutants, depending on the dimension of the toxic wastes. Reverse Osmosis desalination systems are used in millions of homes to ensure clean and filtered water. So, what are the reasons behind millions of people prefer RO drinking water systems for homes and offices?