Eczema comes with several skin conditions that can be both painful and uncomfortable. It can be a frustrating issue to deal with and is most difficult to manage for infants and toddlers. Changing some of their food items can help prevent flare-ups. Several food items cause eczema. You can easily treat your baby by feeding them a well-balanced diet.
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Have you found a rash on your baby’s body? Although having rashes at one time or other is completely normal. In some rare cases, this can be the symptom of an underlying condition like eczema. Babies with eczema are infantile eczema or atopic dermatitis (AD). As a result, they can be allergic to dust, pollen, animal dander, or certain foods. In this blog post, I will share a list of food items that should be eliminated from the diet.
Fish and shellfish
Fish and shellfish are highly nutritious, and they are, in fact, great sources of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. But unfortunately, it also worsens symptoms of eczema for children. Some fish and shellfish allergies are quite common. They cause a wide range of side effects like itching, hives, and eczema.
A registered dietician or a paediatrician can help you determine the specific types of seafood that can trigger symptoms for a baby or toddler.
Proteins from egg yolks and egg whites may cause allergies to some babies or toddles, which may trigger symptoms of eczema. It has been estimated that 1.3% of children under 5 in the US have an egg allergy. Some children with egg allergies are seen to be able to tolerate baked eggs. Most egg allergies among children are resolved by around age 5.
Dairy products are the most common food allergy found in young children and adults. The products like milk, cheese, and yoghurt are the most common eczema triggers. According to a study with 132 children with food-triggered eczema, 39% develops an immediate reaction after consuming cow’s milk. As an alternative, you will find several plant-based kinds of milk such as cashew milk, almond milk and soy milk. However, you must check the list of ingredients carefully since some of the products have a higher percentage of added sugar and calories.
Wheat or gluten
Wheat is a staple ingredient in many foods like pasta, bread and baked goods. Gluten is a specific protein found in barley, rye and wheat that provides structure and elasticity to the dough. If children with wheat allergy consume wheat products, it can worsen eczema and causes other symptoms, including asthma, hives and digestive issues. Celiac disease refers to an autoimmune condition that triggers a reaction to consuming gluten-containing foods.
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There might not be any tests available for diagnosing non-celiac gluten sensitivity. However, your child’s paediatrician can use a blood or skin test to determine if the child has celiac disease or just have a wheat allergy.
If children with soy allergy consume soy products such as tofu, soy milk or edamame, it may cause an immune response that can trigger skin reactions like eczema. Soy allergies are not as common as other major food allergens. As per a 2013 study, 30% in 175 people tend to have an immune reaction to soy. However, only 3% of people tend to experience symptoms like itching and hives after consuming soy products.
If your little one has a sensitivity to soy products, you must keep them away from processed food containing soy-based ingredients as they can worsen symptoms of eczema.
Here are some examples of such products:
- Textured vegetable protein
- Soy sauce
- Soy protein
Consumption of tree nuts is associated with severe eczema, seasonal allergies, and asthma. However, just avoiding nuts will not be sufficient. Your child will also require avoiding foods containing tree nuts such as nut butter, pesto, cookies, candies, coconut products, and certain cereals or candies.
Tree nuts worsen eczema for young children with a tree nut allergy. Some of the examples of tree nuts are:
Peanuts are another common allergen and are often associated with several skin reactions, including itching, rashes, hives and eczema. They are most common among toddlers and babies as peanut allergies tend to appear within the first two years of life. If peanuts are that serious for your baby or toddler, swap other ingredients into your recipes, like seeds or seed butter.
What Should a Diet Include Among Eczema Patients?
There are no particular food groups in an eczema diet, and no single diet plan is called to be a cure. The true purpose of an eczema diet should be replacing foods that irritate with foods that fight inflammation and reduce symptoms of eczema. People with eczema often have concerns about the drinks, foods and supplements that can improve the symptoms of eczema most.
Here are some of the necessary food items that must be included in an eczema food diet:
- Eat more vegetables and fruits
- Drink more water
- Take fish oil omega-3 fatty acid supplements
- Take vitamin C, vitamin D, probiotic or zinc supplements
- Cook foods using olive oil, cod liver oil, primrose oil, coconut oil or hempseed oil
Diet plays a key role in managing eczema symptoms among babies and toddlers. It’s ideal to talk with a dietician or a paediatrician before planning on your child’s diet. There are a lot of variations to food allergies and triggers, and often finding the trigger is half the battle. It is always advised to consult a doctor for identifying food allergy triggers in your eczema child.
AUTHOR BIO: Jennifer Pattinson is a medical practitioner at one of the top medical institutes in the UK. She is also associated with MyAssignmenthelp.com, where she offers help with engineering-related engineering assignment help questions and chcece005 assessment answers projects.